Heart failure caused by toxoplasmosis in a fennec fox (Fennecus zerda)

Jack J. Kottwitz, Diane E. Preziosi, Margaret A. Miller, Jose A. Ramos-Vara, David J Maggs, John D. Bonagura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A male fennec fox (Fennecus zerda) kit was examined for lethargy, inappetence, and weight loss. Clinical findings included respiratory distress, a gallop rhythm, and retinochoroiditis. Radiography indicated pleural effusion and cardiomegaly. Echocardiographic findings included left ventricular dilatation, low left ventricular ejection fraction, and atrioventricular valvular regurgitation. Necropsy findings were compatible with a diagnosis of congestive heart failure caused by myocarditis. Histopathology showed a disseminated infection with Toxoplasma gondii causing myocarditis, skeletal polymyositis, gastrointestinal myositis, and panuveitis. Toxoplasma-induced myocarditis should be included in the differential diagnosis of heart failure and retinochoroiditis in the fennec fox.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-507
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Volume40
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Fingerprint

myocarditis
toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis
Myocarditis
heart failure
Heart Failure
polymyositis
Panuveitis
myositis
Polymyositis
Lethargy
Toxoplasma
Myositis
Cardiomegaly
Pleural Effusion
distress
Toxoplasma gondii
radiography
Radiography
histopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Kottwitz, J. J., Preziosi, D. E., Miller, M. A., Ramos-Vara, J. A., Maggs, D. J., & Bonagura, J. D. (2004). Heart failure caused by toxoplasmosis in a fennec fox (Fennecus zerda). Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 40(6), 501-507.

Heart failure caused by toxoplasmosis in a fennec fox (Fennecus zerda). / Kottwitz, Jack J.; Preziosi, Diane E.; Miller, Margaret A.; Ramos-Vara, Jose A.; Maggs, David J; Bonagura, John D.

In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, Vol. 40, No. 6, 11.2004, p. 501-507.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kottwitz, JJ, Preziosi, DE, Miller, MA, Ramos-Vara, JA, Maggs, DJ & Bonagura, JD 2004, 'Heart failure caused by toxoplasmosis in a fennec fox (Fennecus zerda)', Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 501-507.
Kottwitz JJ, Preziosi DE, Miller MA, Ramos-Vara JA, Maggs DJ, Bonagura JD. Heart failure caused by toxoplasmosis in a fennec fox (Fennecus zerda). Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. 2004 Nov;40(6):501-507.
Kottwitz, Jack J. ; Preziosi, Diane E. ; Miller, Margaret A. ; Ramos-Vara, Jose A. ; Maggs, David J ; Bonagura, John D. / Heart failure caused by toxoplasmosis in a fennec fox (Fennecus zerda). In: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. 2004 ; Vol. 40, No. 6. pp. 501-507.
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