Head injury by firearm: Epidemiology, clinical course, and options for prevention

Garen J Wintemute, J. H. Sloan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Firearm-related head injuries are in many ways distinct from those caused by other means. The great majority of these injuries result from intentional violence. They are severe, with case-to-fatality ratios being higher than for any other common form of head injury. Although substantial progress has been made in understanding the epidemiology, mechanism, and outcome of these injuries, there has been little improvement in treatment. Many prevention strategies, such as helmet use, work quite well for other head injuries but are not viable options in this case. Effective prevention of these injuries must focus on limiting both the availability of firearms and the incentives for their use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-47
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)


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