The role of histone acetylation as a key mechanism of transcriptional regulation has been well established. Recent advances suggest that histone acetyltransferases also play important roles in histone-modulated processes such as DNA replication, recombination and repair. In addition, acetylation of transcriptional cofactors and other proteins is an efficient means of regulating a diverse range of molecular interactions. As new histone acetyltransferases and substrates are rapidly emerging, it is becoming apparent that protein acetylation may rival phosphorylation as a mechanism to transduce cellular regulatory signals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology