Harnessing the Transparent Face Orthosis for facial scar management: A comparison of methods

Ingrid Parry, Cheryl Hanley, Jonathan Niszczak, Soman Sen, Tina L Palmieri, David G Greenhalgh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Transparent Face Orthosis (TFO) is widely used in the treatment of facial burns to minimize hypertrophic scarring and maintain the contours of the face against deforming scars. Compression of the TFO is achieved with forces provided by the harness system (straps and anchors) used to secure the TFO on the face. A variety of harness system designs are used clinically yet none have been described or compared in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare seven common methods of TFO harnessing including cost, time, and ease of fabrication. Results showed that harness systems vary in cost from $0.22 to 96.45 and take 2-49 min to fabricate. The 4-point harness was the least expensive and the easiest harness to fabricate. The Beanie Cap harness was the most complex system to make, while the Open Mask Stabilizer was the most expensive. The systems resulted in varying distributions of compression when depicted with three-dimensional laser scanned images. This description and comparison of fabrication materials and methods for TFO harnessing can guide clinicians within the burn community worldwide who have varying skills and resources for facial scar management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)950-956
Number of pages7
JournalBurns
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Fingerprint

Orthotic Devices
Cicatrix
Costs and Cost Analysis
Masks
Burns
Lasers

Keywords

  • Burn mask
  • Facial scarring burn rehabilitation
  • Laser scanning
  • Transparent face mask
  • Transparent Face Orthosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Harnessing the Transparent Face Orthosis for facial scar management : A comparison of methods. / Parry, Ingrid; Hanley, Cheryl; Niszczak, Jonathan; Sen, Soman; Palmieri, Tina L; Greenhalgh, David G.

In: Burns, Vol. 39, No. 5, 08.2013, p. 950-956.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{93ad4ba2c30e4f3bbf5b7774c837e129,
title = "Harnessing the Transparent Face Orthosis for facial scar management: A comparison of methods",
abstract = "The Transparent Face Orthosis (TFO) is widely used in the treatment of facial burns to minimize hypertrophic scarring and maintain the contours of the face against deforming scars. Compression of the TFO is achieved with forces provided by the harness system (straps and anchors) used to secure the TFO on the face. A variety of harness system designs are used clinically yet none have been described or compared in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare seven common methods of TFO harnessing including cost, time, and ease of fabrication. Results showed that harness systems vary in cost from $0.22 to 96.45 and take 2-49 min to fabricate. The 4-point harness was the least expensive and the easiest harness to fabricate. The Beanie Cap harness was the most complex system to make, while the Open Mask Stabilizer was the most expensive. The systems resulted in varying distributions of compression when depicted with three-dimensional laser scanned images. This description and comparison of fabrication materials and methods for TFO harnessing can guide clinicians within the burn community worldwide who have varying skills and resources for facial scar management.",
keywords = "Burn mask, Facial scarring burn rehabilitation, Laser scanning, Transparent face mask, Transparent Face Orthosis",
author = "Ingrid Parry and Cheryl Hanley and Jonathan Niszczak and Soman Sen and Palmieri, {Tina L} and Greenhalgh, {David G}",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.burns.2012.11.009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "950--956",
journal = "Burns",
issn = "0305-4179",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Harnessing the Transparent Face Orthosis for facial scar management

T2 - A comparison of methods

AU - Parry, Ingrid

AU - Hanley, Cheryl

AU - Niszczak, Jonathan

AU - Sen, Soman

AU - Palmieri, Tina L

AU - Greenhalgh, David G

PY - 2013/8

Y1 - 2013/8

N2 - The Transparent Face Orthosis (TFO) is widely used in the treatment of facial burns to minimize hypertrophic scarring and maintain the contours of the face against deforming scars. Compression of the TFO is achieved with forces provided by the harness system (straps and anchors) used to secure the TFO on the face. A variety of harness system designs are used clinically yet none have been described or compared in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare seven common methods of TFO harnessing including cost, time, and ease of fabrication. Results showed that harness systems vary in cost from $0.22 to 96.45 and take 2-49 min to fabricate. The 4-point harness was the least expensive and the easiest harness to fabricate. The Beanie Cap harness was the most complex system to make, while the Open Mask Stabilizer was the most expensive. The systems resulted in varying distributions of compression when depicted with three-dimensional laser scanned images. This description and comparison of fabrication materials and methods for TFO harnessing can guide clinicians within the burn community worldwide who have varying skills and resources for facial scar management.

AB - The Transparent Face Orthosis (TFO) is widely used in the treatment of facial burns to minimize hypertrophic scarring and maintain the contours of the face against deforming scars. Compression of the TFO is achieved with forces provided by the harness system (straps and anchors) used to secure the TFO on the face. A variety of harness system designs are used clinically yet none have been described or compared in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare seven common methods of TFO harnessing including cost, time, and ease of fabrication. Results showed that harness systems vary in cost from $0.22 to 96.45 and take 2-49 min to fabricate. The 4-point harness was the least expensive and the easiest harness to fabricate. The Beanie Cap harness was the most complex system to make, while the Open Mask Stabilizer was the most expensive. The systems resulted in varying distributions of compression when depicted with three-dimensional laser scanned images. This description and comparison of fabrication materials and methods for TFO harnessing can guide clinicians within the burn community worldwide who have varying skills and resources for facial scar management.

KW - Burn mask

KW - Facial scarring burn rehabilitation

KW - Laser scanning

KW - Transparent face mask

KW - Transparent Face Orthosis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84879032395&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84879032395&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.burns.2012.11.009

DO - 10.1016/j.burns.2012.11.009

M3 - Article

C2 - 23265280

AN - SCOPUS:84879032395

VL - 39

SP - 950

EP - 956

JO - Burns

JF - Burns

SN - 0305-4179

IS - 5

ER -