Hardiness: a new perspective in health promotion.

Jeri L Bigbee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Hardiness is a developing concept of particular relevance to primary care nursing. Evolving out of existential psychology, hardiness is proposed as a personality characteristic that serves to mediate the stress-illness relationship, promoting health in the presence of high degrees of life change and stress. In this review, the concept of hardiness is analyzed and discussed. Its implications for nursing theory and primary care practice are demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNurse Practitioner
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Hardiness: a new perspective in health promotion.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this