Hand/Face/Neck Localized Pattern: Sticky Problems-Resins

Lauren Y. Cao, Apra Sood, James S. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plastic resin systems have an increasingly diverse array of applications but also induce health hazards, the most common of which are allergic and irritant contact dermatitis. Contact urticaria, pigmentary changes, and photoallergic contact dermatitis may occasionally occur. Other health effects, especially respiratory and neurologic signs and symptoms, have also been reported. These resin systems include epoxies, the most frequent synthetic resin systems to cause contact dermatitis, (meth)acrylics, polyurethanes, phenol-formaldehydes, polyesters, amino resins (melamine-formaldehydes, urea-formaldehydes), polyvinyls, polystyrenes, polyolefins, polyamides and polycarbonates. Contact dermatitis usually occurs as a result of exposure to the monomers and additives in the occupational setting, although reports from consumers, using the raw materials or end products periodically surface. Resin- and additive-induced direct contact dermatitis usually presents on the hands, fingers, and forearms, while facial, eyelid, and neck involvement may occur through indirect contact, eg, via the hands, or from airborne exposure. Patch testing with commercially available materials, and in some cases the patient's own resins, is important for diagnosis. Industrial hygiene prevention techniques are essential to reduce contact dermatitis when handling these resin systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-249
Number of pages23
JournalDermatologic Clinics
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • (Meth)acrylic
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Epoxy
  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Phenol-formaldehyde
  • Plastic
  • Polyurethane
  • Resin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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