Hamp type-1 promotes antimicrobial defense via direct microbial killing and regulating iron metabolism in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)

Yazhen Hu, Tomofumi Kurobe, Xiaoling Liu, Yong An Zhang, Jianguo Su, Gailing Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepcidin is an antimicrobial peptide and regulator of iron homeostasis which has two isoforms in most fishes and some mammals. Previous studies have reported that the two hepcidin isoforms have different roles. Hamp type-1 plays a regulatory role in iron metabolism and hamp type-2 mostly performs an antimicrobial role. In this study, we found that Ctenopharyngodon idella (C. idella) have only one hepcidin isoform (hamp type-1), which showed both broad-spectrum antibacterial and iron regulatory functions. C. idella hepcidin mature peptide (hepcidin-25) and truncated peptide (hepcidin-20) exhibited bactericidal activities against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in a dose-dependent manner in part through membrane rupture and binding to bacterial genomic DNA. The data from challenge tests demonstrated that the administration of hepcidin-25 significantly reduced mortality rates of C. idella by A. hydrophila infection, probably due to direct bactericidal activities of the peptide and a reduction of iron content in the fish serum. In addition, a comparison between hepcidin-20 and-25 suggests that the N terminal 5 amino acids play a critical role in reducing iron content in fish serum. Our findings revealed an important role of hamp type-1 in maintaining iron homeostasis and fighting against bacterial infections, suggesting the hepcidin has implications for the prevention and control of bacterial infection in aquaculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number825
JournalBiomolecules
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Ctenopharyngodon idella
  • Hepcidin
  • Host defense
  • Iron homeostasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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