Haemophilus somnus-induced IgE in calves vaccinated with commercial monovalent H. somnus bacterins

Kevin W. Ruby, Ronald W. Griffith, Laurel J. Gershwin, Merlin L. Kaeberle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of commercially available Haemophilus somnus bacterins to elicit an immunoglobulin E (IgE) response was examined in healthy calves using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blotting techniques. Thirty five calves were utilized in this study. Calves in Group 1 (n = 7) did not receive any H. somnus vaccination and served as negative controls. Calves in each of Groups 2-5 (n = 7 each) were vaccinated on days 0 (primary) and 14 (booster) with one of four commercially available H. somnus bacterins. Sera were harvested on days 0 and 14 and at weekly intervals for a total of 45 days. Sera were tested for the presence of IgE antibodies using a bovine IgE-specific ELISA. Low levels of H. somnus-specific IgE were detected by ELISA in all animals prior to the initiation of the study. All bacterins induced IgE levels that were significantly higher than control levels. Two bacterins elicited higher IgE levels at all time points. Sera were adsorbed against washed whole cells of either Salmonella typhimurium, P. multocida, or H. somnus or extracts of H. somnus. ELISA absorbance values were significantly decreased by adsorption with washed whole cells or extracts of H. somnus, whereas adsorption with other gram-negative bacteria only minimally decreased ELISA absorbance values. These results indicate that commercially available H. somnus bacterins can induce IgE antibody as early as 14 days post-vaccination. This IgE can be detected 45 days after the primary vaccination. Results also indicate that H. somnus-specific IgE antibodies can be found in serum of some cattle, possibly induced by existing or previous sensitization. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-383
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume76
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterins
  • Cattle-bacteria
  • Haemophilus somnus
  • IgE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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