Gyramides prevent bacterial growth by inhibiting DNA gyrase and altering chromosome topology

Manohary Rajendram, Katherine A. Hurley, Marie H. Foss, Kelsey M. Thornton, Jared T. Moore, Jared T. Shaw, Douglas B. Weibel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antibiotics targeting DNA gyrase have been a clinical success story for the past half-century, and the emergence of bacterial resistance has fueled the search for new gyrase inhibitors. In this paper we demonstrate that a new class of gyrase inhibitors, the gyramides, are bacteriostatic agents that competitively inhibit the ATPase activity of Escherichia coli gyrase and produce supercoiled DNA in vivo. E. coli cells treated with gyramide A have abnormally localized, condensed chromosomes that blocks DNA replication and interrupts chromosome segregation. The resulting alterations in DNA topology inhibit cell division through a mechanism that involves the SOS pathway. Importantly, gyramide A is a specific inhibitor of gyrase and does not inhibit the closely related E. coli enzyme topoisomerase IV. E. coli mutants with reduced susceptibility to gyramide A do not display cross-resistance to ciprofloxacin and novobiocin. The results demonstrate that the gyramides prevent bacterial growth by a mechanism in which the topological state of chromosomes is altered and halts DNA replication and segregation. The specificity and activity of the gyramides for inhibiting gyrase makes these compounds important chemical tools for studying the mechanism of gyrase and the connection between DNA topology and bacterial cell division.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1312-1319
Number of pages8
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine

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    Rajendram, M., Hurley, K. A., Foss, M. H., Thornton, K. M., Moore, J. T., Shaw, J. T., & Weibel, D. B. (2014). Gyramides prevent bacterial growth by inhibiting DNA gyrase and altering chromosome topology. ACS Chemical Biology, 9(6), 1312-1319. https://doi.org/10.1021/cb500154m