Growth factors and morphogens: Signals for tissue engineering

A Hari Reddi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


Tissue engineering is the exciting discipline of design and construction of spare parts for the human body to restore function based on biology and biomedical engineering. The basis of tissue engineering is the triad of signals for tissue induction, responding stem cells, and the scaffolding of extracellular matrix. Among the many tissues in the human body bone has the highest power of regeneration and therefore is a prototype model for tissue engineering based on morphogenesis. Morphogenesis is the developmental cascade of pattern formation, body plan establishment, and culmination of the adult body form. The cascade of bone morphogenesis in the embryo is recapitulated by demineralized bone matrixinduced bone formation. The inductive signals for bone morphogenesis, the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) were isolated from demineralized bone matrix. BMPs and related cartilage-derived morphogenetic proteins (CDMPs) initiate cartilage and bone formation. The promotion and maintenance of the initiated skeleton is regulated by several growth factors. Tissue engineering is the symbiosis of signals (growth factors and morphogens), stem cells, and scaffolds (extracellular matrix). The rules of architecture for tissue engineering are a true imitation of principles of developmental biology and morphogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTissue Engineering
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781420008333
ISBN (Print)9780849390265
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Growth factors and morphogens: Signals for tissue engineering'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this