Graft arterial stenosis in kidney en bloc grafts from very small pediatric donors: Incidence, timing, and role of ultrasound in screening

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In previous studies with different donor selection criteria and noncontemporary surgical techniques, graft arterial stenosis (GAS) has been reported to occur more frequently in adult recipients of pediatric en bloc renal allografts (EBKT) as compared to single adult donor allografts. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the incidence of GAS within our EBKT recipient population and to evaluate clinical and imaging features of those cases with GAS. In a retrospective cohort study, we analyzed 182 EBKT performed at a single institution. We identified cases of suspected GAS based on clinical factors, lab results, and noninvasive imaging. Diagnosis of GAS was confirmed by digital subtraction angiography. Two EBKT recipients (1.1% of 182) had angiographically confirmed GAS at 2.5 and 4.5 months after transplant. In both cases, the stenoses were short segment within the proximal (perianastomotic) donor aorta, color Doppler ultrasound demonstrated peak systolic velocities of >400-cm/s, and poststenotic parvus tardus waveforms were present. Both patients underwent angioplasty and demonstrated postintervention improvement in renal function and blood pressure. Restenosis did not occur during follow up. In conclusion, recipients of EBKT have a low incidence of GAS, similar to the lowest reported for adult single allografts. The authors perform a retrospective analysis of recipients of pediatric kidney en bloc grafts for graft arterial stenosis to determine the incidence of stenosis in this population as well as the role of ultrasound in its diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2940-2946
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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