Glycoproteomic Analysis of Malignant Ovarian Cancer Ascites Fluid Identifies Unusual Glycopeptides

Suzanne Miyamoto, L. Renee Ruhaak, Carol Stroble, Michelle R. Salemi, Brett Phinney, Carlito B Lebrilla, Gary S Leiserowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is a major cause of cancer mortality among women, largely due to late diagnosis of advanced metastatic disease. More extensive molecular analysis of metastatic ovarian cancer is needed to identify post-translational modifications of proteins, especially glycosylation that is particularly associated with metastatic disease to better understand the metastatic process and identify potential therapeutic targets. Glycoproteins in ascites fluid were enriched by affinity binding to lectins (ConA or WGA) and other affinity matrices. Separate glycomic, proteomic, and glycopeptide analyses were performed. Relative abundances of different N-glycan groups and proteins were identified from ascites fluids and a serum control. Levels of biomarkers CA125, MUC1, and fibronectin were also monitored in OC ascites samples by Western blot analysis. N-Glycan analysis of ascites fluids showed the presence of large, highly fucosylated and sialylated complex and hybrid glycans, some of which were not observed in normal serum. OC ascites glycoproteins, haptoglobin, fibronectin, lumican, fibulin, hemopexin, ceruloplasmin, alpha-1-antitrypsin, and alpha-1-antichymotrypsin were more abundant in OC ascites or not present in serum control samples. Further glycopeptide analysis of OC ascites identified N- and O-glycans in clusterin, hemopexin, and fibulin glycopeptides, some of which are unusual and may be important in OC metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3358-3376
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2016

Keywords

  • glycopeptides
  • glycoproteomics
  • malignant ascites
  • mass spectrometry
  • N-glycans
  • ovarian cancer
  • proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry

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