The conversion of cyanocobalamin to adenosyl- and methylcobalamin is impaired in cobalamin-deficient cultured human glial cells. In contrast cultured human skin fibroblasts retained their ability to synthesize coenzyme forms when grown in cobalamin-deficient medium. Cells were pre-conditioned by growing in cobalamin-deficient media for six weeks and then subcultured in medium containing either free or transcobalamin II-bound 57Co-cyanocobalamin. Although both coenzyme levels were low in cobalamin-deficient glial cells, the decrease in methylcobalamin was more marked than that of adenosylcobalamin. Methionine synthase and Cbl reductase activities were markedly decreased in cobalamin-deficient glial cells but were unchanged in fibroblasts cultured in cobalamin-deficient medium. Our data suggest that in glial cells, cobalamin coenzyme synthesis and function is exquisitely sensitive to short-term cobalamin deprivation. Glial cells apparently synthesize and secrete transcobalamin II since antibodies directed against the transport protein inhibit the uptake of free cobalamin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Apr 30 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology