Giant-cell arteritis. Signs and symptoms

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Giant-cell arteritis is a polysymptomatic disease of the elderly. Systemic symptomatology includes headaches, arthralgias, myalgias, tender temporal arteries, jaw claudication, low-grade fever, anemia, anorexia, malaise, and weight loss. Visual loss from anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and diplopia resulting from ischemia of the ocular muscles represents the major ocular manifestations of giant cell arteritis. When the diagnosis is suspected, blood for a sedimentation rate should be drawn, and, if it confirms the clinical impression, high dose prednisone should be started immediately and a temporal artery biopsy performed at a later date. Only by asking the proper questions and suspecting the diagnosis will this preventable form of blindness receive the prompt attention it deserves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1101-1110
Number of pages10
JournalOphthalmology
Volume89
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1982

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Temporal Arteries
Giant Cell Arteritis
Signs and Symptoms
Eye Manifestations
Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Diplopia
Blood Sedimentation
Myalgia
Arthralgia
Anorexia
Blindness
Prednisone
Jaw
Headache
Anemia
Weight Loss
Fever
Ischemia
Biopsy
Muscles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Giant-cell arteritis. Signs and symptoms. / Keltner, John L.

In: Ophthalmology, Vol. 89, No. 10, 1982, p. 1101-1110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keltner, JL 1982, 'Giant-cell arteritis. Signs and symptoms', Ophthalmology, vol. 89, no. 10, pp. 1101-1110.
Keltner, John L. / Giant-cell arteritis. Signs and symptoms. In: Ophthalmology. 1982 ; Vol. 89, No. 10. pp. 1101-1110.
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