Genome sequence of the radioresistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans R1

Owen White, Jonathan A Eisen, John F. Heidelberg, Erin K. Hickey, Jeremy D. Peterson, Robert J. Dodson, Daniel H. Haft, Michelle L. Gwinn, William C. Nelson, Delwood L. Richardson, Kelly S. Moffat, Haiying Qin, Lingxia Jiang, Wanda Pamphile, Marie Crosby, Mian Shen, Jessica J. Vamathevan, Peter Lam, Lisa McDonald, Terry UtterbackCeleste Zalewski, Kira S. Makarova, L. Aravind, Michael J. Daly, Kenneth W. Minton, Robert D. Fleischmann, Karen A. Ketchum, Karen E. Nelson, Steven Salzberg, Hamilton O. Smith, J. Craig Venter, Claire M. Fraser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

775 Scopus citations


The complete genome sequence of the radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans R1 is composed of two chromosomes (2,648,638 and 412,348 base pairs), a megaplasmid (177,466 base pairs), and a small plasmid (45,704 base pairs), yielding a total genome of 3,284,156 base pairs. Multiple components distributed on the chromosomes and megaplasmid that contribute to the ability of D. radiodurans to survive under conditions of starvation, oxidative stress, and high amounts of DNA damage were identified. Deinococcus radiodurans represents an organism in which all systems for DNA repair, DNA damage export, desiccation and starvation recovery, and genetic redundancy are present in one cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1571-1577
Number of pages7
Issue number5444
StatePublished - Nov 19 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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