Genetic variation in the blood of llamas, Llama glama, and alpacas, Llama pacos

Cecilia Penedo, M. E. FOWLER, A. T. BOWLING, D. L. ANDERSON, L. GORDON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary. Blood samples of IIamas and alpacas were typed using haemolytic, electrophoretic and isoelectric focusing procedures to assay polymorphism at 13 loci. Blood group variation was assessed using six antibody specificities produced by allo‐and heteroimmunizations. Two red cell factors (A and B) behave as autosomal, codominant alleles at a closed A locus. The other four factors (C, D, E and F) behave as autosomal, dominant traits. Biochemical variation was found for red cell enzymes catalase, phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, glucose phosphate isomerase and for plasma proteins transferrin and post‐albumin. No variants were found for haemoglobin, phosphoglucomutase and albumin. Estimates of probability of exclusion were 0.883 for IIamas and 0.681 for alpacas, which are adequate initial levels of efficacy for purposes of parentage verification. Preliminary estimate of Nei's genetic distance measure D suggests that IIamas and alpacas are more likely related as subspecies than as separate species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-276
Number of pages10
JournalAnimal Genetics
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

Fingerprint

New World Camelids
llamas
alpacas
xylose isomerase
genetic variation
blood
glucose-6-phosphate isomerase
Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase
Phosphoglucomutase
phosphogluconate dehydrogenase
phosphoglucomutase
loci
Antibody Specificity
blood groups
isoelectric focusing
Isoelectric Focusing
parentage
transferrin
Transferrin
Blood Group Antigens

Keywords

  • alpaca
  • biochemical polymorphisms
  • blood groups
  • llama

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Genetic variation in the blood of llamas, Llama glama, and alpacas, Llama pacos. / Penedo, Cecilia; FOWLER, M. E.; BOWLING, A. T.; ANDERSON, D. L.; GORDON, L.

In: Animal Genetics, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.01.1988, p. 267-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Penedo, Cecilia ; FOWLER, M. E. ; BOWLING, A. T. ; ANDERSON, D. L. ; GORDON, L. / Genetic variation in the blood of llamas, Llama glama, and alpacas, Llama pacos. In: Animal Genetics. 1988 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 267-276.
@article{359f287b3a8e4663b87ebb51d8fa83da,
title = "Genetic variation in the blood of llamas, Llama glama, and alpacas, Llama pacos",
abstract = "Summary. Blood samples of IIamas and alpacas were typed using haemolytic, electrophoretic and isoelectric focusing procedures to assay polymorphism at 13 loci. Blood group variation was assessed using six antibody specificities produced by allo‐and heteroimmunizations. Two red cell factors (A and B) behave as autosomal, codominant alleles at a closed A locus. The other four factors (C, D, E and F) behave as autosomal, dominant traits. Biochemical variation was found for red cell enzymes catalase, phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, glucose phosphate isomerase and for plasma proteins transferrin and post‐albumin. No variants were found for haemoglobin, phosphoglucomutase and albumin. Estimates of probability of exclusion were 0.883 for IIamas and 0.681 for alpacas, which are adequate initial levels of efficacy for purposes of parentage verification. Preliminary estimate of Nei's genetic distance measure D suggests that IIamas and alpacas are more likely related as subspecies than as separate species.",
keywords = "alpaca, biochemical polymorphisms, blood groups, llama",
author = "Cecilia Penedo and FOWLER, {M. E.} and BOWLING, {A. T.} and ANDERSON, {D. L.} and L. GORDON",
year = "1988",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2052.1988.tb00815.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "267--276",
journal = "Animal Genetics",
issn = "0268-9146",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic variation in the blood of llamas, Llama glama, and alpacas, Llama pacos

AU - Penedo, Cecilia

AU - FOWLER, M. E.

AU - BOWLING, A. T.

AU - ANDERSON, D. L.

AU - GORDON, L.

PY - 1988/1/1

Y1 - 1988/1/1

N2 - Summary. Blood samples of IIamas and alpacas were typed using haemolytic, electrophoretic and isoelectric focusing procedures to assay polymorphism at 13 loci. Blood group variation was assessed using six antibody specificities produced by allo‐and heteroimmunizations. Two red cell factors (A and B) behave as autosomal, codominant alleles at a closed A locus. The other four factors (C, D, E and F) behave as autosomal, dominant traits. Biochemical variation was found for red cell enzymes catalase, phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, glucose phosphate isomerase and for plasma proteins transferrin and post‐albumin. No variants were found for haemoglobin, phosphoglucomutase and albumin. Estimates of probability of exclusion were 0.883 for IIamas and 0.681 for alpacas, which are adequate initial levels of efficacy for purposes of parentage verification. Preliminary estimate of Nei's genetic distance measure D suggests that IIamas and alpacas are more likely related as subspecies than as separate species.

AB - Summary. Blood samples of IIamas and alpacas were typed using haemolytic, electrophoretic and isoelectric focusing procedures to assay polymorphism at 13 loci. Blood group variation was assessed using six antibody specificities produced by allo‐and heteroimmunizations. Two red cell factors (A and B) behave as autosomal, codominant alleles at a closed A locus. The other four factors (C, D, E and F) behave as autosomal, dominant traits. Biochemical variation was found for red cell enzymes catalase, phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, glucose phosphate isomerase and for plasma proteins transferrin and post‐albumin. No variants were found for haemoglobin, phosphoglucomutase and albumin. Estimates of probability of exclusion were 0.883 for IIamas and 0.681 for alpacas, which are adequate initial levels of efficacy for purposes of parentage verification. Preliminary estimate of Nei's genetic distance measure D suggests that IIamas and alpacas are more likely related as subspecies than as separate species.

KW - alpaca

KW - biochemical polymorphisms

KW - blood groups

KW - llama

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024234244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024234244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2052.1988.tb00815.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2052.1988.tb00815.x

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 267

EP - 276

JO - Animal Genetics

JF - Animal Genetics

SN - 0268-9146

IS - 3

ER -