Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of hereditary prothrombotic mutations, and their effect on the incidence and severity of umbilical arterial or venous catheter (UAC or UVC)-associated thrombosis. Study Design: All neonates with a UAC or UVC were studied prospectively for the presence, severity and timing of thrombosis with duplex Doppler ultrasound scan. Genetic testing for factor V Leiden (FVL), prothrombin mutation (PTm) and methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutations was performed using PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism assays. Result: Umbilical catheter (UC)-associated thrombosis developed in 16/53 (31%) neonates; 23% of UACs and 22% of UVCs were associated with thrombosis. The prevalence of a significant prothrombotic mutation was present in 10/51 (20%) of infants: FVL (8%), MTHFR667 homozygosity (10%), MTHFR1298 homozygosity (2%) and PTm (0%). There was no increase in the risk of UC-associated thrombus in patients carrying these prothrombotic mutations; our study had the power to detect a 2.5-fold increased risk of thrombosis for any of these significant mutations. In addition, MTHFR667 heterozygosity was found in 41% of infants and MTHFR1298 heterozygosity in 52% and also were not associated with increased risk of UC-associated thrombus. The risk of MTHFR double heterozygosity (db het) was 14%, the risk of a significant or db het was 17/51 (33%) and the risk of any mutation was 90%. Conclusion: Prothrombotic genetic mutations are common in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit population but do not appear to increase the risk of UC-associated thrombosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology