Genetic characterization of healthy and sebaceous adenitis affected Standard Poodles from the United States and the United Kingdom

Niels C Pedersen, H. Liu, B. Mclaughlin, Benjamin Sacks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


The degree of heterogeneity associated with geographic origin and sebaceous adenitis (SA) status in Standard Poodles from the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK) was assessed. Healthy and SA-affected Standard Poodles from the US and the UK shared a major mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotype and a single Y chromosome haplotype. However, minor mtDNA haplotypes and frequencies were somewhat different between US and UK dogs and were significantly less associated with SA than major haplotypes across both populations. The US and UK populations exhibited recent divergence from a common gene pool, based on allele frequencies of 24 highly polymorphic short tandem repeats and principle coordinates and cluster analyses of genotype frequencies. However, there was no differentiation between SA affected and unaffected dogs. Over 90% of US and UK Poodles shared a common dog leukocyte antigen (DLA) class II haplotype, but showed some differentiation in minor haplotype frequency. No difference was observed in haplotype heterozygosity between SA affected and unaffected dogs from the same country and no disease association for SA was found within the DLA region by a high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) scan. Zygosity mapping in the DLA region of Poodles indicated much lower site-specific diversity than in an outbred population of street dogs from Bali, Indonesia, reflecting the degree that breed associated historical bottlenecks have reduced diversity in a polymorphic region of the genome. This study shows possible pitfalls in more extensive genome-wide association studies, such as case and control numbers, population stratification, the involvement of multiple genes, and/or the possibility that SA susceptibility is fixed or nearly fixed within the breed, which can reduce power to detect genetic associations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-57
Number of pages12
JournalTissue Antigens
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2012



  • Dog leukocyte antigen
  • Genetic association
  • Genetic diversity
  • Matrilines
  • Patrilines
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Standard Poodle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Genetics

Cite this