Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores

A. Steinel, L. Munson, M. Van Vuuren, U. Truyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infections with viruses of the feline parvovirus subgroup such as feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), mink enteritis virus (MEV) and canine parvovirus (CPV-2) [together with its new antigenic types (CPV-2a, CPV-2b)] have been reported from several wild carnivore species, To examine the susceptibility of different species to the various parvoviruses and their antigenic types, samples from wild carnivores with acute parvovirus infections were collected. Viral DNA was amplified, and subsequently analysed, from faeces or formalin-fixed small intestines from an orphaned bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis), a free-ranging honey badger (Mellivora capensis), six captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), a captive Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) and a free-ranging African wild cat (Felis lybica). Parvovirus infection in bat-eared fox and honey badger was demonstrated for the first time. FPV-sequences were detected in tissues of the African wild cat and in faeces of one cheetah and the honey badger, whereas CPV-2b sequences were found in five cheetahs and the bat-eared fox. The Siberian tiger (from a German zoo) was infected with a CPV-type 2a virus. This distribution of feline parvovirus antigenic types in captive large cats suggests an interspecies transmission from domestic dogs. CPV-2 sequences were not detected in any of the specimens and no sequences with features intermediate between FPV and CPV were found in any of the animals examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-350
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume81
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

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Feline Panleukopenia Virus
Acinonyx
Mustelidae
Tigers
Honey
Parvoviridae Infections
Cats
Feces
Mink enteritis virus
Canine Parvovirus
Felis
Parvovirus
Viral DNA
Virus Diseases
Formaldehyde
Small Intestine
Dogs
Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Steinel, A., Munson, L., Van Vuuren, M., & Truyen, U. (2000). Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores. Journal of General Virology, 81(2), 345-350.

Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores. / Steinel, A.; Munson, L.; Van Vuuren, M.; Truyen, U.

In: Journal of General Virology, Vol. 81, No. 2, 2000, p. 345-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steinel, A, Munson, L, Van Vuuren, M & Truyen, U 2000, 'Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores', Journal of General Virology, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 345-350.
Steinel, A. ; Munson, L. ; Van Vuuren, M. ; Truyen, U. / Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores. In: Journal of General Virology. 2000 ; Vol. 81, No. 2. pp. 345-350.
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