Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores

A. Steinel, L. Munson, M. Van Vuuren, U. Truyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Infections with viruses of the feline parvovirus subgroup such as feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), mink enteritis virus (MEV) and canine parvovirus (CPV-2) [together with its new antigenic types (CPV-2a, CPV-2b)] have been reported from several wild carnivore species, To examine the susceptibility of different species to the various parvoviruses and their antigenic types, samples from wild carnivores with acute parvovirus infections were collected. Viral DNA was amplified, and subsequently analysed, from faeces or formalin-fixed small intestines from an orphaned bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis), a free-ranging honey badger (Mellivora capensis), six captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), a captive Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) and a free-ranging African wild cat (Felis lybica). Parvovirus infection in bat-eared fox and honey badger was demonstrated for the first time. FPV-sequences were detected in tissues of the African wild cat and in faeces of one cheetah and the honey badger, whereas CPV-2b sequences were found in five cheetahs and the bat-eared fox. The Siberian tiger (from a German zoo) was infected with a CPV-type 2a virus. This distribution of feline parvovirus antigenic types in captive large cats suggests an interspecies transmission from domestic dogs. CPV-2 sequences were not detected in any of the specimens and no sequences with features intermediate between FPV and CPV were found in any of the animals examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-350
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume81
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Steinel, A., Munson, L., Van Vuuren, M., & Truyen, U. (2000). Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus sequences from various carnivores. Journal of General Virology, 81(2), 345-350.