The role of immunoglobulin structural genes in the generation of autoantibodies in humans has not been elucidated. Human monoclonal IgM anti-IgG autoantibodies (rheumatoid factors, RFs) from unrelated people often share idiotypic antigens. Antibodies against synthetic peptides have localized two of the shared idiotypic determinants to the second and third complementarity-determining regions of the κ light chain. The reported sequences of several human RF light chains are remarkably homologous in these regions. Animal studies have shown that some shared idiotypic antigens represent serological markers for immunoglobulin variable (V)-region genes. Therefore, we hypothesized that human RF light chains derived from a single germ-line gene, designated V(κ)-(RF), or from a small family of very closely related genes. In the present experiments, we have isolated and sequenced two human V(κ) germ-line genes that encode κ light chains, which are identical or closely related to the light chains of human RF. The data indicate that the shared idiotypic antigens on RF are phenotypic markers for a κ V-region gene that is highly conserved in the human population. The results also imply that the light chains of IgM anti-IgG autoantibodies can be encoded by germ-line genes without any somatic mutation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1986|
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