Genetic background affects susceptibility to mammary hyperplasias and carcinomas in ApcMin/+ mice

Amy Rapaich Moser, Laura F. Hegge, Robert Cardiff

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33 Scopus citations


Treatment of female C57BL/6J (B6) mice carrying the mutant Min allele of the adenomatous polyposis coil (Apc) gene with ethylnitrosourea (ENU) results in ∼90% of mice developing an average of three mammary tumors within 65 days. As a first step in the identification of loci modifying susceptibility to ENU-induced mammary tumors and hyperplasias, we have tested ENU-treated ApcMin/+ (Min/+) mice on several hybrid backgrounds for susceptibility to mammary and intestinal tumors. C57BR/cdJ×B6 (BRB6) Min/+ mice were more sensitive to development of mammary squamous cell carcinomas than B6 Min/+ mice. In contrast, Min/+ hybrids between B6 and FVB/NTac (FVB), 129X1/SvJ (129X1), and 129S6/SvEvTac (129S6) were all significantly more resistant to mammary carcinoma development. However, mice from these three crosses developed more focal mammary hyperplasias than did the B6 or BRB6 Min/+ mice. Susceptibility to intestinal tumors was independent of mammary tumor susceptibility in most hybrids. These results indicate that genetic background can affect independently the phenotypes conferred by the Min allele of Apc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3480-3485
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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