Gauging Effective Spatial Resolution in Multirow Helical Cardiac Computed Tomography with a Dynamic Phantom

Friedrich D Knollmann, Tarkan Cangöz, Erdogan Cesmeli, Thomas Toth, Peter Edic, Johannes Müller, Roland Felix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose: To devise a numerical indicator of image quality for multirow helical cardiac computed tomography (CT) and its relation to temporal resolution. Materials and Methods: A pulsatile cardiac assist device was used to simulate cardiac wall motion by mechanically transmitting the device dynamics to a piece of tungsten wire. Wire motion induced by different device rates was captured with an 8-row subsecond helical CT scanner operating with various scanning parameters. Image artifacts were visually assessed and compared with the image point spread function (PSF) using the full width at half maximum (FWHM) area as a numerical estimate of spatial accuracy. Results: At rest, the FWHM area was determined as 1.3 mm2. At a device rate of 60 bpm, the FWHM area ranged from 1.51 mm2 to 21.62 mm 2, depending on the time of image reconstruction. Mean reproducibility of the FWHM area measurements was determined as 0.05, whereas visual estimates of motion artifact were highly variable between different readers (kappa = 0.19). Visually determined image quality correlated closely with the FWHM area metric (Spearman's rank correlation, P = 0.0001, rho = 0.841). At a device rate of 100 bpm, the minimum FWHM area was 2.00 mm 2 using a single-sector algorithm, 1.41 mm2 using a 2-segment algorithm, and 1.37 mm2 using a 4-segment algorithm. Conclusions: Use of a pulsatile cardiac assist device could serve as an in vitro test bed for cardiac CT imaging methods. Area FWHM of the PSF correlates well with visually determined image quality of a dynamic phantom, but provides better reproducibility than visual analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Artifact
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Coronary vessels
  • Experimental studies
  • Heart
  • Image quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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