Background/Purpose: This study was designed to assess the outcome and financial costs incurred for the treatment of gastroschisis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of all patients with gastroschisis at a single institution over the past decade (n = 69). Hospital costs were determined and standardized to December 2001 dollars. Results: Of the 69 patients, average gestational age at delivery was 35.9 weeks. Thirty-six patients had a primary fascial closure; 33 had a silo placed. The mean time to first feeding was 22 days and full feeding, 33 days. Average length of stay was 47 days. There were 3 deaths (2 shortly after birth, and one 131 days later owing to sepsis). The average cost of hospitalization and physician fees for patients with gastroschisis was $123,200. Using multivariate regression analysis, significant variables (P < .05) associated with cost of hospitalization were number of operative procedures, ventilatory days, male gender, and length of stay. Room expenses (43%), physician fees (15%), respiratory and pulmonary care (10%), and supply and devices (10%) made up the majority of costs. Conclusions: Cost of care associated with treatment for gastroschisis is high. Strategies designed to reduce cost must limit gastrointestinal, respiratory, and operative complications and reduce length of stay.
- Abdominal wall defect
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