Intestinal digestive and absorptive function and the gross and histologic appearance of the gastrointestinal tract were evaluated in Basenji dogs with chronic diarrhea, asymptomatic Basenji dogs, and healthy control dogs. Gastric rugal hypertrophy, lymphocytic gastritis, and gastric mucosal atrophy occurred in asymptomatic and affected Basenji dogs. All affected dogs had moderate or severe intestinal lesions characterized by villous clubbing and fusion, increased tortuosity of intestinal crypts, and diffuse infiltration of mononuclear inflammatory cells. Intestinal lesions in asymptomatic Basenji dogs invariably were less severe than those in affected dogs, but the small intestinal lamina propria of asymptomatic Basenji dogs consistently contained greater numbers of mononuclear inflammatory cells than did that of control dogs. The proportion of cells containing each immunoglobulin isotype (IgG, IgM, IgA) was similar among affected Basenji dogs, asymptomatic Basenji dogs, and control dogs. As compared to healthy beagle controls, intestinal function was abnormal in both affected and asymptomatic Basenji dogs evaluated by combined N-benzoyl-L-tyrosyl-p-aminobenzoic acid and d-xylose test, but malabsorption and maldigestion were most pronounced in affected Basenji dogs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 1988|
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