PURPOSE: Gastrocystoplasty is no longer favored at many institutions due to complications, including the hematuria-dysuria syndrome and metabolic alkalosis. We reviewed our experience to determine the advantages and disadvantages of bladder augmentation using stomach body wall. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records, urodynamic studies, x-rays and laboratory evaluations of 47 children who underwent gastrocystoplasty at our institution between 1986 and June 1997. Parents and patients were contacted by telephone for detailed interviews to validate the medical record and determine whether there had been any changes since the last visit. Followup ranged from 9 months to 11 years (mean 4.4 years). Bladder dysfunction was secondary to spinal dysraphism in 38 children. Other diagnoses included cloacal and bladder exstrophy, posterior urethral valves, a persistent urogenital sinus and bilateral ectopic ureters. RESULTS: Preoperative and postoperative ultrasound studies available for 79 renal units demonstrated a stable or improved upper tract in 75 (95%). Preoperative and postoperative serum sodium, potassium and creatinine levels showed no significant changes. Mean serum chloride decreased 2.7 mEq./l. and bicarbonate increased 3.3 mEq./l. In the 3 patients with renal insufficiency serum bicarbonate increased 8 mEq./l. Mean pressure specific bladder volume at less than 20 cm. water increased 177 cc and mean maximum bladder pressure decreased from 35 to 13 cm. water. Two-thirds of the patients had bacilluria and a fourth reported a symptomatic bladder infection. No patients had bothersome mucus or required routine bladder irrigation. Symptoms consistent with the hematuria-dysuria syndrome were present in 27% of the patients. No patients had symptoms more than once weekly. Symptoms occurred in 75% of the patients without a neurogenic bladder, such as exstrophy or posterior urethral valves, and in 14% of those with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. In 1 case a bladder stone developed 8 years after surgery. Five patients required reoperation for complications related to gastrocystoplasty. No patient had perforation. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that even after a mean of 4.4 years gastrocystoplasty has significant advantages over intestinal augmentation, including decreased chloride reabsorption, mucous production and urinary infection, and an extremely low incidence of stones and perforation. The gastric patch is associated with metabolic alkalosis and the hematuria-dysuria syndrome, which may be avoided and medically treated with proper patient selection and close followup. The procedure should be avoided in sensate patients with sufficient bowel.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||The Journal of Urology|
|Issue number||6 Pt 1|
|State||Published - Dec 1998|
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