In a recent report evaluating a possible association between gallbladder mucocele and hyperadrenocorticism and hypothyroidism, both conditions were found to have an association with gallbladder mucocele. Patients with gallbladder mucocele can be asymptomatic. However, most patients are presented for vomiting, anorexia, lethargy, and diarrhea. Ultrasonography has been useful in diagnosing gallbladder mucoceles and is 86% sensitive and 100% specific in diagnosing gallbladder rupture associated with mucoceles. The treatment of choice for a dog with extrahepatic biliary tract (EHBT) obstruction or peritonitis due to a gallbladder mucocele is surgical. If the diagnosis of the mucocele is incidental or the dog does not show obvious clinical signs related to an obstruction of the biliary system, medical treatment might be attempted with ursodeoxycholic acid. The surgical treatment of choice for gallbladder mucocele is cholecystectomy. Dogs with biliary mucoceles that undergo cholecystectomy and survive the immediate perioperative period have an excellent long-term prognosis.
- Extrahepatic biliary tract (EHBT)
- Gallbladder mucocele
- Ursodeoxycholic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas