Objectives: To determine whether repeated administration of the macrocyclic gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) gadobutrol in children is associated with T1-weighted hyperintensity within the dentate nucleus, an imaging surrogate for gadolinium deposition. Methods: With institutional review board approval, we identified a cohort of eight patients aged 18 years or younger who underwent at least four gadobutrol-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of the brain from 2013 to 2017. For comparison, we identified a cohort of 19 patients who underwent at least four gadopentetate dimeglumine-enhanced MRI examinations. For each examination, both dentate nuclei were contoured on unenhanced images; the mean dentate-to-pons signal intensity (DN-P SI) ratio was calculated. DN-P SI ratios from the first and last MRI exams were compared using Wilcoxon signed ranks tests and linear regression analyses. Results: In the gadobutrol cohort, there was no significant change in the mean DN-P SI ratio from the first to the last scan (1.02 vs 1.02, p = 1.00). In the gadopentetate dimeglumine cohort, there was a significant increase in the mean DN-P SI ratio from the first to the last scan (1.05 vs 1.13, p = 0.003). After controlling for potentially confounding variables, the change in DN-P SI ratio from the first to the last scan was significantly lower for patients in the gadobutrol group than in the gadopentetate dimeglumine group (β = -0.08, p = 0.04). Conclusions: Repeated administration of the macrocyclic GBCA gadobutrol in children was not associated with T1-weighted dentate hyperintensity, while the repeated administration of the linear GBCA gadopentetate dimeglumine was associated with T1-weighted dentate hyperintensity, presumably due to gadolinium deposition. Key Points: • Gadolinium-based contrast agents are routinely used in magnetic resonance imaging.• Repeated administration of the macrocyclic agent gadobutrol in children was not associated with T1-weighted dentate hyperintensity.
- Cerebellar nuclei
- Contrast media
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging