Fungal Infections: Introduction

Michael J. Dykstra, Bruce R Charlton, Richard P. Chin, Barnes H. John

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fungi are unicellular or multicellular heterotrophic eukaryotes that derive nutrition by absorption, reproduce by asexual or sexual means or both, and possess cell walls. Fungi are divided into 4 phyla based on their sexual structures (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Chytridiomycota, and Zygomycota). This chapter focuses on aspergillosis, followed by other fungal infections representing the less common mycoses. Aspergillosis is by far the most prevalent mycosis of birds and is an economically important respiratory disease of poultry. Candidiasis is the principal fungal infection of the digestive tract of poultry. Zygomycosis has similar signs and gross lesions to aspergillosis. Ochroconosis is uncommon in modern poultry production but is regionally significant. Macrorhabdosis is a recently described mycotic infection of the proventriculus/ventriculus of unknown significance in poultry. Histoplasmosis and cryptococcosis are rare fungal infections of poultry but are notable as public health hazards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDiseases of Poultry
Subtitle of host publicationThirteenth Edition
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)9781119421481
ISBN (Print)9780470958995
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Aspergillosis
  • Candidiasis
  • Commercial poultry
  • Cryptococcosis
  • Fungal infections
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Ochroconosis
  • Zygomycosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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