The yeast genome encodes four proteins (Pms1 and Mlh1-3) homologous to the bacterial mismatch repair component, MutL. Using two hybrid-interaction and coimmunoprecipitation studies, we show that these proteins can form only three types of complexes in vivo. Mlh1 is the common component of all three complexes, interacting with Pms1, Mlh2, and Mlh3, presumptively as heterodimers. The phenotypes of single deletion mutants reveal distinct functions for the three heterodimers during meiosis: in a pms1 mutant, frequent postmeiotic segregation indicates a defect in the correction of heteroduplex DNA, whereas the frequency of crossing-over is normal. Conversely, crossing-over in the mlh3 mutant is reduced to ≃70% of wild-type levels but correction of heteroduplex is normal. In a mlh2 mutant, crossing- over is normal and postmeiotic segregation is not observed but non-Mendelian segregation is elevated and altered with respect to parity. Finally, to a first approximation, the mlh1 mutant represents the combined single mutant phenotypes. Taken together, these data imply modulation of a basic Mlh1 function via combination with the three other MutL homologs and suggest specifically that Mlh1 combines with Mlh3 to promote meiotic crossing-over.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Nov 23 1999|
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