In 20 patients with acute myocardial infarction requiring emergency left heart catheterization and coronary arteriography, ventricular function and clinical course were related to collateral vessels supplying the infarcted area. The major coronary artery to the infarcted region was severely obstructed in all patients. Patients with adequate collateral vessels (Group I, no. = 6) and those with no or inadequate collateral channels (Group II, no. = 14) had similar findings with respect to age, site of infarction, prevalence of prior infarction and presence of multivessel disease. However, there were significant differences between Groups I and II in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (13 versus 30 mm Hg), cardiac index (3.05 versus 2.04 liters/min per m2), stroke work index (45 versus 13 g · m/m2), ejection fraction (42 versus 20 percent) and area of dyssynergy (14 versus 47 percent). Moreover, in Group I all patients survived and none had cardiogenic shock, whereas in Group II 10 of 14 patients had shock and 8 of 14 died. The rapidity of vessel obstruction appeared to influence collateralization since infarction was preceded by angina pectoris more frequently in Group I than in Group II. These results indicate that well functioning anastomotic channels to the distal trunk of the blocked coronary artery may afford some protection of pump function and improve the prognosis in acute myocardial infarction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine