pLST1000, an 80-kb plasmid found in Enterobacteriaceae in North and South America, harbors the aadB and several other resistance genes. We suggested earlier that, because of its widespread distribution, pLST1000 could act as a carrier plasmid, bringing the aadB gene to new locations. This paper presents the restriction enzyme recognition site and functional map of the plasmid. The resistance genes lie in a discreet region. The aadB and aadA genes form an operon with the aadB gene promoter proximal. This operon is flanked by bla-TEM and bla-OXA2 genes, the former located in a functional Ta3-like transposon. This arrangement is similar to that of relatives of the transposon TN21, where additional resistance genes are precisely inserted in recombinational "hot spot" sequences that flank the aadA gene. We were not able to demonstrate transposition of the aadB gene in Escherichia coli. A sul gene and mer operon lie beyond the bla-OXA2 gene. The transfer genes form a single region, defined by insertions of Tn5-132 that give the Tra- phenotype.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology