## Abstract

Robust and safe control of tissue heating requires predictions of beam location, temperature and thermal dose in order to optimize the spatial and temporal distribution of acoustic power. Such calculations are computationally intensive, and our objective is to identify methods to speed up such calculations. Monochromatic beam prediction relies heavily on complex exponentials. We have identified a fast 4^{th} order approximation for the evaluation of a complex exponential using a reduced-complexity polynomial that minimizes absolute error to a maximum of 0.001 over -π to π, and we quantified the effects of the approximation on beam intensity and total acoustic power (TAP) for a 128 physical element transducer array. We demonstrate that ultrasound beam predictions are accelerated by 13x using a fast approximation to evaluate complex exponentials compared to standard libraries. The approximation was optimized to minimize error in TAP, the relevant quantity for thermal diffusion-limited heating. The resulting error in TAP was found to be less than 8×10^{-4}%, and the error in intensity was found to be less than 3×10^{-2}% as compared to full precision calculations. The same methodology may be applied to other beam prediction algorithms to speed their execution at a relatively minor degradation in accuracy.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings - IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2009 |

Event | 2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2009 - Rome, Italy Duration: Sep 20 2009 → Sep 23 2009 |

### Other

Other | 2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2009 |
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Country/Territory | Italy |

City | Rome |

Period | 9/20/09 → 9/23/09 |

## Keywords

- Complex exponential approximation
- Mild hyperthermia
- Sine-cosine approximation
- Thermal dose
- Ultrasound beam prediction

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Acoustics and Ultrasonics