Fructose: Absorption and Metabolism

Nancy L Keim, P. J. Havel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Fructose, a monosaccharide, is naturally present in fruits and is used in many food products as a sweetener. This article reviews the properties and sources of fructose in the food supply, the estimated intake of fructose in Western diets, the intestinal absorption of fructose, and the metabolism of fructose and its effect on lipid and glucose metabolism. The health implications of increased consumption of fructose are discussed, and inborn errors of fructose metabolism are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Human Nutrition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780123848857
ISBN (Print)9780123750839
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Diabetes
  • Ghrelin
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Glucose
  • GLUT-5
  • Glycolysis
  • High-fructose corn syrup
  • Insulin
  • Leptin
  • Lipogenesis
  • Obesity
  • Sucrose
  • Sweeteners
  • Triacylglycerol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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