Background: In frog skeletal muscle, two ryanodine receptor (RyR) isoforms, α-RyR and β-RyR, are expressed in nearly equal amounts. However, the roles and significance of the two isoforms in excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling remains to be elucidated. Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study, we expressed either or both α-RyR and β-RyR in 1B5 RyR-deficient myotubes using the herpes simplex virus 1 helper-free amplicon system. Immunological characterizations revealed that α-RyR and β-RyR are appropriately expressed and targeted at the junctions in 1B5 myotubes. In Ca2+ imaging studies, each isoform exhibited caffeine-induced Ca2+ transients, an indicative of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). However, the fashion of Ca2+ release events was fundamentally different: α-RyR mediated graded and sustained Ca2+ release observed uniformly throughout the cytoplasm, whereas β-RyR supported all-or-none type regenerative Ca2+ oscillations and waves. α-RyR but not β-RyR exhibited Ca2+ transients triggered by membrane depolarization with high [K+]o that were nifedipine-sensitive, indicating that only α-RyR mediates depolarization-induced Ca2+ release. Myotubes co-expressing α-RyR and β-RyR demonstrated high [K+]o-induced Ca2+ transients which were indistinguishable from those with myotubes expressing α-RyR alone. Furthermore, procaine did not affect the peak height of high [K+]o-induced Ca2+ transients, suggesting minor amplification of Ca2+ release by β-RyR via CICR in 1B5 myotubes. Conclusions/Significance: These findings suggest that α-RyR and β-RyR provide distinct intracellular Ca2+ signals in a myogenic cell line. These distinct properties may also occur in frog skeletal muscle and will be important for E-C coupling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)