Frequency and risk factors for urinary tract infection in cats with diabetes mellitus

N. L. Bailiff, Richard W Nelson, Edward C Feldman, Joellen L Westropp, G. V. Ling, S. S. Jang, Philip H Kass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Identification and control of infections are important in the management of diabetic cats. Urinary tract infections have not been well characterized in diabetic cats. This retrospective study was performed to review and characterize urinary tract infections in diabetic cats. Hypothesis: Urinary tract infections are common in diabetic cats. Animals: A review was made of the medical records of 141 diabetic cats that had had urine obtained for culture by antepubic cystocentesis and that had not been treated with antibiotics, undergone urinary tract catheterization or urinary tract surgery within 2 weeks of urine collection or had urethral obstruction at the time of urine collection. Methods: A review of medical records. Results: Urinary tract infection was identified in 18 of 141 diabetic cats. Escherichia coli was the most common isolate (67%). Female cats were at increased risk (prevalence odds ratios [POR], 3.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3 to 10.2; P = .013). Clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease and findings on urine sediment examination were good predictors of positive urine cultures. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Urinary tract infections are common in diabetic cats regardless of status of diabetic control, suggesting routine monitoring with urine sediment exams or urine culture is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-855
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Bacteriuria
  • Escherichia coli
  • Polyneuropathy
  • Pyuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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