Fragile X Syndrome

M. Y. Ono, F. Farzin, Randi J Hagerman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most commonly inherited form of mental retardation and developmental disabilities, affecting 1 in 4000 individuals. The phenotype of FXS involves mental retardation or learning disabilities, social deficit, anxiety, attention deficit, impulsivity, hyperarousal, mood instability, inflexibility, prominent ears, long face, and hyperextensible finger joints. Although most babies with FXS have hypotonia and mild motor delays, the diagnosis of FXS may not be made until more significant language delays are present at 2.5-3 years of age. Clinicians and parents should be aware of the features of FXS so that early diagnosis can be made to facilitate early intervention and genetic counseling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages544-552
Number of pages9
Volume1-3
ISBN (Print)9780123708779
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Anxiety
  • Autism
  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Hypotonia
  • Mental retardation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Ono, M. Y., Farzin, F., & Hagerman, R. J. (2008). Fragile X Syndrome. In Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development (Vol. 1-3, pp. 544-552). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012370877-9.00065-7