The fragile X associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a neurodegenerative disease associated with the repetition of CGG triplets (55-200 CGG repetitions) in the FMR1 gene. The premutation of the FMR1 gene, contrasting with the full mutation (more than 200 CGG repetitions), presents an increased production of messenger and a similar or slightly decreased production of FMRP protein. FXTAS affects 40% of men and 16% of women carriers of the premutation. It presents with a wide constellation of neurological signs such as intention tremor, cerebellar ataxia, parkinsonism, executive function deficits, peripheral neuropathy and cognitive decline leading to dementia among others. In this review, we present what is currently known about the molecular mechanism, the radiological findings and the pathology, as well as the complexity of the diagnosis and management of FXTAS.
|Translated title of the contribution||Fragile X associated tremor/ataxia syndrome: its clinical presentation, pathology, and treatment|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Revista de neurologia|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology