Circular external skeletal fixation (CEF) has been used in recent years to treat acute and chronic fractures and bone deformities, to stabilize joints while maintaining range of motion, and to perform arthrodeses and limb-sparing in dogs. Dr. Ilizarov defined the general principles and methods of CEF. This article reviews these principles. It also describes the indications, preoperative planning, surgical placement, postoperative management, clinical results, and complications of CEF used to treat fractures in dogs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1999|
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