Four out of eight genes in a mouse chromosome 7 congenic donor region are candidate obesity genes

Kari A. Sarahan, Janis S. Fisler, Craig H Warden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously identified a region of mouse chromosome 7 that influences body fat mass in F2 littermates of congenic × background intercrosses. Current analyses revealed that alleles in the donor region of the subcongenic B6.C-D7Mit318 (318) promoted a twofold increase in adiposity in homozygous lines of 318 compared with background C57BL/6ByJ (B6By) mice. Parent-of-origin effects were discounted through cross-fostering studies and an F1 reciprocal cross. Mapping of the donor region revealed that it has a maximal size of 2.8 Mb (minimum 1.8 Mb) and contains a maximum of eight protein coding genes. Quantitative PCR in whole brain, liver, and gonadal white adipose tissue (GWAT) revealed differential expression between genotypes for three genes in females and two genes in males. Alpha-2,8-sialyltransferase 8B (St8sia2) showed reduced 318 mRNA levels in brain for females and males and in GWAT for females only. Both sexes of 318 mice had reduced Repulsive guidance molecule-a (Rgma) expression in GWAT. In brain, Family with sequence similarity 174 member b (Fam174b) had increased expression in 318 females, whereas Chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 2 (Chd2-2) had reduced expression in 318 males. No donor region genes were differentially expressed in liver. Sequence analysis of coding exons for all genes in the 318 donor region revealed only one single nucleotide polymorphism that produced a nonsynonymous missense mutation, Gln7Pro, in Fam174b. Our findings highlight the difficulty of using expression and sequence to identify quantitative trait genes underlying obesity even in small genomic regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1049-1055
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiological Genomics
Volume43
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Chd2-2
  • Fam174b
  • Genetic complexity on mouse chromosome 7
  • Rgma
  • St8sia2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Four out of eight genes in a mouse chromosome 7 congenic donor region are candidate obesity genes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this