Founder mutations in the lipase h gene in families with autosomal recessive woolly hair/hypotrichosis

Yutaka Shimomura, Muhammad Wajid, Abraham Zlotogorski, Young Jin Lee, Robert H. Rice, Angela M. Christiano

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Abstract

Autosomal-recessive woolly hair (ARWH)/hypotrichosis is a hereditary hair disorder which is characterized by tightly curled hair and is associated with sparse hair. ARWH can be caused by mutations in the P2RY5 or lipase H (LIPH) gene. Disruption of either gene results in phenotypes with features of both wooly hair (WH) and hypotrichosis. In this study, we identified two Guyanese families with ARWH. Both families are of recent Indian descent. Mutation analysis resulted in the identification of mutations in the LIPH gene in both families. Affected individuals in the first family carry compound heterozygous mutations Ex7-8del and 1303-1309dupGAAAACG in the LIPH gene, while those in the second family have a homozygous mutation 659-660delTA in the LIPH gene. The mutations Ex7-8del and 659-660delTA were identified earlier in several Pakistani families with ARWH. Haplotype analysis using microsatellite markers close to the LIPH gene defined a founder haplotype shared in families from Pakistan and Guyana. Proteomic analysis of hair shaft samples from one of the families revealed no substantial changes among the proteins identified, indicating that the syndrome does not involve global alterations in protein expression. Our results further suggest a crucial role of LIPH gene in hair growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1927-1934
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume129
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Shimomura, Y., Wajid, M., Zlotogorski, A., Lee, Y. J., Rice, R. H., & Christiano, A. M. (2009). Founder mutations in the lipase h gene in families with autosomal recessive woolly hair/hypotrichosis. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 129(8), 1927-1934. https://doi.org/10.1038/jid.2009.19