Force and oxygen consumption in the immature rabbit heart

Mark D Parrish, S. Farrar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We speculated that there are important age-related differences in the economy of left ventricular force development in the isolated heart. To assess this, we evaluated oxygen consumption and force development in newborn (less than 1 wk old) (n = 26), juvenile (4-6 wk old) (n = 26), and adult (5-7 mo old) (n = 26) isolated, isovolumic rabbit hearts. Measurements were obtained with three different interventions, including 1) changes in heart rate, 2) inotropic stimulation with isoproterenol, and 3) changes in end-diastolic pressure. We found no significant baseline differences in the economy of force development. However, when heart rate was increased by 20%, the force/oxygen consumption ratio (economy) increased in newborn hearts by approximately 37%, whereas there was a decrease in juvenile and adult hearts of ~27%. In addition, with increases in end-diastolic pressure above 10 mm Hg, newborn hearts increased their force/myocardial oxygen consumption ratio to 300% of the baseline value, whereas adults increased to only 160% of baseline. Isoproterenol produced no significant age-related differences in the force/myocardial oxygen consumption ratio. We conclude that there are important age-related differences in the economy of left ventricular force development in this model, but these differences are apparent only at higher heart rates and end-diastolic pressures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-482
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Research
Volume27
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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