Food insecurity and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Mississippi adults

Vincent L. Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton, Enkhmaa Byambaa, Lei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Food insecurity is a public health problem. There is limited data on food insecurity in Mississippi. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2015 Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which included the Social Context Module for 5870 respondents. Respondents who indicated that in the past 12 months they were “always”, “usually”, or “sometimes” “worried or stressed about having enough money to buy nutritious meals” were considered food insecure. Food insecurity was compared across sociodemographic and health characteristics using chi-square tests, and the association between food insecurity and select cardiovascular disease risk factors was assessed using logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of food insecurity was 42.9%. Compared to the referent group, Mississippi adults with high blood pressure had 51% higher odds, those with diabetes had 30% higher odds, those who were not physically active had 36% higher odds, and those who consumed fewer than five fruits and vegetables daily had 50% higher odds of being food insecure. Conclusion: Among Mississippi adults, food insecurity is associated with high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical inactivity, and smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2016
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2018

Keywords

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Food insecurity
  • Mississippi
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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