Food diversity and drought survival. The hausa example

Carol M. Humphry, Michael S. Clegg, Carl L Keen, Louis E. Grivetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two Hausa villages in the Sahel of south-eastern Niger were surveyed for food procurement practices, with special focus on dietary use of wild plants. Activities and behaviours during years of adequate rainfall were compared to practices during drought. A diversified food base was maintained through hunting, gathering, agriculture, horticulture, and animal husbandry. Members of households surveyed (n = 112) foraged for edible wild plants located in bushlands adjacent to villages, within household compounds, or within agricultural fields. Dominant agricultural crops were beans, millet, peanuts, and sorghum; prominent household garden species were melon, okra, and squash. At the time of the survey most households experienced marginal crop yields. Edible wild plants were prominent in local diet during both drought and during years of adequate rainfall; more than 80 species were commonly consumed. Protein values of several wild plants exceeded 20% including Amaranthus hybridus, Cassia occidentalis, Cenchrus biflorus, Corchorus tridens, Crataeva religiosa, and Tribulus terrestris. Other species contained high concentrations of calcium, iron, copper, and/or zinc, including Ceratotheca sesamoides, Commiphora africana, Cyperus digitatus, Ficus dekdekenna, and Gynandropsis gynandra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Droughts
wild plants
households
drought
Food
Edible Plants
Ceratotheca
Capparaceae
villages
Cenchrus
Corchorus
Senna Plant
Commiphora
Tribulus
Gynandropsis gynandra
Cyperus
Abelmoschus
Senna occidentalis
Tribulus terrestris
Agricultural Crops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Food diversity and drought survival. The hausa example. / Humphry, Carol M.; Clegg, Michael S.; Keen, Carl L; Grivetti, Louis E.

In: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1993, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Humphry, Carol M. ; Clegg, Michael S. ; Keen, Carl L ; Grivetti, Louis E. / Food diversity and drought survival. The hausa example. In: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 1993 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 1-16.
@article{6f4a83bc61704b728c31cfbc6ea5a094,
title = "Food diversity and drought survival. The hausa example",
abstract = "Two Hausa villages in the Sahel of south-eastern Niger were surveyed for food procurement practices, with special focus on dietary use of wild plants. Activities and behaviours during years of adequate rainfall were compared to practices during drought. A diversified food base was maintained through hunting, gathering, agriculture, horticulture, and animal husbandry. Members of households surveyed (n = 112) foraged for edible wild plants located in bushlands adjacent to villages, within household compounds, or within agricultural fields. Dominant agricultural crops were beans, millet, peanuts, and sorghum; prominent household garden species were melon, okra, and squash. At the time of the survey most households experienced marginal crop yields. Edible wild plants were prominent in local diet during both drought and during years of adequate rainfall; more than 80 species were commonly consumed. Protein values of several wild plants exceeded 20{\%} including Amaranthus hybridus, Cassia occidentalis, Cenchrus biflorus, Corchorus tridens, Crataeva religiosa, and Tribulus terrestris. Other species contained high concentrations of calcium, iron, copper, and/or zinc, including Ceratotheca sesamoides, Commiphora africana, Cyperus digitatus, Ficus dekdekenna, and Gynandropsis gynandra.",
author = "Humphry, {Carol M.} and Clegg, {Michael S.} and Keen, {Carl L} and Grivetti, {Louis E.}",
year = "1993",
doi = "10.3109/09637489309017417",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "1--16",
journal = "International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition",
issn = "0963-7486",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Food diversity and drought survival. The hausa example

AU - Humphry, Carol M.

AU - Clegg, Michael S.

AU - Keen, Carl L

AU - Grivetti, Louis E.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Two Hausa villages in the Sahel of south-eastern Niger were surveyed for food procurement practices, with special focus on dietary use of wild plants. Activities and behaviours during years of adequate rainfall were compared to practices during drought. A diversified food base was maintained through hunting, gathering, agriculture, horticulture, and animal husbandry. Members of households surveyed (n = 112) foraged for edible wild plants located in bushlands adjacent to villages, within household compounds, or within agricultural fields. Dominant agricultural crops were beans, millet, peanuts, and sorghum; prominent household garden species were melon, okra, and squash. At the time of the survey most households experienced marginal crop yields. Edible wild plants were prominent in local diet during both drought and during years of adequate rainfall; more than 80 species were commonly consumed. Protein values of several wild plants exceeded 20% including Amaranthus hybridus, Cassia occidentalis, Cenchrus biflorus, Corchorus tridens, Crataeva religiosa, and Tribulus terrestris. Other species contained high concentrations of calcium, iron, copper, and/or zinc, including Ceratotheca sesamoides, Commiphora africana, Cyperus digitatus, Ficus dekdekenna, and Gynandropsis gynandra.

AB - Two Hausa villages in the Sahel of south-eastern Niger were surveyed for food procurement practices, with special focus on dietary use of wild plants. Activities and behaviours during years of adequate rainfall were compared to practices during drought. A diversified food base was maintained through hunting, gathering, agriculture, horticulture, and animal husbandry. Members of households surveyed (n = 112) foraged for edible wild plants located in bushlands adjacent to villages, within household compounds, or within agricultural fields. Dominant agricultural crops were beans, millet, peanuts, and sorghum; prominent household garden species were melon, okra, and squash. At the time of the survey most households experienced marginal crop yields. Edible wild plants were prominent in local diet during both drought and during years of adequate rainfall; more than 80 species were commonly consumed. Protein values of several wild plants exceeded 20% including Amaranthus hybridus, Cassia occidentalis, Cenchrus biflorus, Corchorus tridens, Crataeva religiosa, and Tribulus terrestris. Other species contained high concentrations of calcium, iron, copper, and/or zinc, including Ceratotheca sesamoides, Commiphora africana, Cyperus digitatus, Ficus dekdekenna, and Gynandropsis gynandra.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=48749129859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=48749129859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/09637489309017417

DO - 10.3109/09637489309017417

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:48749129859

VL - 44

SP - 1

EP - 16

JO - International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

JF - International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

SN - 0963-7486

IS - 1

ER -