Fluorescence-based multiplex real-time RT-PCR arrays for the detection and serotype determination of foot-and-mouth disease virus

Stanley Tam, Alfonso Clavijo, Eric K. Engelhard, Mark Thurmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations


This study reports the development of distinct fluorescence-based multiplex rRT-PCR arrays, which are comprised of unique primer pairs that are statistically modeled from publicly available sequences, for overall foot-and-mouth disease virus and serotype-specific detection. Performance of the multiplex pan FMDV (MpFMDV) array was compared to the 5′ UTR and two 3Dpol assays, following tests on the Miniopticon (BioRad) and 7900HT SDS (ABI) platforms. The MpFMDV array and a recently developed alternative 3Dpol assay correctly identified all 31 isolates that represented all seven serotypes, including 10 isolates reported previously to be undetectable by both OIE recommended assays (5′ UTR and 3Dpol assay). Statistically significant differences in mean CT values were observed with both platforms. With the Miniopticon, the MpFMDV assay detected FMDV at 9.86 and 2.67 cycles less than the 5′ UTR and one of the 3Dpol assay, respectively; whereas with the 7900HT SDS, the MpFMDV assay detected FMDV at 7.11, 4.71, and 2.33 cycles less than the 5′ UTR and both 3Dpol assays, respectively. The MpFMDV assay was more sensitive than the 5′ UTR assay, which had a higher mean endpoint dilution of 1.3 log10. With the exception of the serotype A and C multiplex arrays, the multiplex serotype-specific arrays correctly identified all isolates from five of seven serotypes (O, Asia 1, SAT 1, 2, and 3). Results presented in this study provide proof-of-principle and bench validation for the primer design model, and for the ability of multiplex arrays to accurately detect FMDV and to provide some degree of serotype discrimination of FMDV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009



  • Foot-and-mouth disease
  • Multiplex RT-PCR
  • Serotyping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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