Fluid therapy for neonatal foals

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The neonatal foal has proportionally greater body water content than the adult horse. The extracellular fluid (ECF) compartment is also larger in foals than in adult horses. This greater body water content, along with a higher metabolic rate, growth, and increased insensible losses, results in a greater water requirement for neonatal foals as compared to adult horses. Clinical signs of shock in the foal include abnormalities in the clinical perfusion parameters: obtundation, poor pulse quality, cool to cold extremities, prolonged capillary time, pale mucous membranes, poor jugular refill, and reduced urine output. The laboratory evidence of shock in foals includes hyperlactatemia and increased oxygen extraction ratio. Central venous pressure (CVP) is a controversial goal of fluid therapy in humans, because it alone does not reflect blood volume; CVP can be affected by cardiac function, pleural pressure, and venous tone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEquine Fluid Therapy
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Pages279-298
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781118928189, 9780470961384
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2015

Fingerprint

fluid therapy
Fluid Therapy
foals
Horses
Central Venous Pressure
Body Water
Shock
Venous Pressure
horses
Extracellular Fluid
body water
Blood Volume
Pulse
Mucous Membrane
Neck
water content
Extremities
Perfusion
Urine
extracellular fluids

Keywords

  • Cardiac function
  • Central venous pressure (CVP)
  • Extracellular fluid (ECF)
  • Fluid therapy
  • Hyperlactatemia
  • Neonatal foals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Magdesian, K. G. (2015). Fluid therapy for neonatal foals. In Equine Fluid Therapy (pp. 279-298). Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118928189.ch22

Fluid therapy for neonatal foals. / Magdesian, K G.

Equine Fluid Therapy. Wiley Blackwell, 2015. p. 279-298.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Magdesian, KG 2015, Fluid therapy for neonatal foals. in Equine Fluid Therapy. Wiley Blackwell, pp. 279-298. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118928189.ch22
Magdesian KG. Fluid therapy for neonatal foals. In Equine Fluid Therapy. Wiley Blackwell. 2015. p. 279-298 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118928189.ch22
Magdesian, K G. / Fluid therapy for neonatal foals. Equine Fluid Therapy. Wiley Blackwell, 2015. pp. 279-298
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