The sites of deposition of atherosclerotic plaque on the aortic wall are considered to be influenced by secondary and retrograde flow patterns that cause regions of altered shear stress. To detect secondary flow patterns and areas of retrograde flow in the abdominal aorta, velocity-encoded cine (VEC) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed at five different levels of the abdominal aorta in nine healthy volunteers. Net retrograde flow (expressed as a percentage of antegrade flow) increased from proximal to distal levels and was maximal (13.8% +/- 11.8) just distal to the origin of the renal arteries. An increase in the duration of retrograde flow over the cardiac cycle was observed from proximal to distal levels. Whereas retrograde flow was present at end systole and early diastole in each volunteer at every level, the duration and amount of retrograde flow during diastole showed high interindividual variation. Such differences suggest the possibility of variable vascular geometric risk factors in the population for the development of atherosclerotic plaque. The location of retrograde flow in the abdominal aorta demonstrated in vivo with VEC MR imaging was close to that obtained with in vitro flow visualization studies in models of the abdominal aorta.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI|
|State||Published - Jul 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology