Flow-induced expression of endothelial Na-K-Cl cotransport: Dependence on K+ and Cl- channels

Jimmy Suvatne, Abdul I. Barakat, Martha E O'Donnell

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Abstract

Steady laminar shear stress has been shown previously to markedly increase Na-K-Cl cotransporter mRNA and protein in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and also to rapidly increase endothelial K+ and Cl- channel conductances. The present study was done to evaluate the effects of shear stress on Na-K-Cl cotransporter activity and protein expression in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) and to determine whether changes in cotransporter expression may be dependent on early changes in K+ and Cl- channel conductances. Confluent BAEC monolayers were exposed in a parallel-plate flow chamber to either steady shear stress (19 dyn/cm2) or purely oscillatory shear stress (0 ± 19 dyn/cm2) for 6-48 h. After shearing, BAEC monolayers were assessed for Na-K-Cl cotransporter activity or were subjected to Western blot analysis of cotransporter protein. Steady shear stress led to a 2 to 4-fold increase in BAEC cotransporter protein levels and a 1.5- to 1.8-fold increase in cotransporter activity, increases that were sustained over the longest time periods studied. Oscillatory flow, in contrast, had no effect on cotransporter protein levels. In the presence of flow-sensitive K+ and Cl- channel pharmacological blockers, the steady shear stress-induced increase in cotransporter protein was virtually abolished. These results suggest that shear stress modulates the expression of the BAEC Na-K-Cl cotransporter by mechanisms that are dependent on flow-activated ion channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume280
Issue number1 49-1
StatePublished - 2001

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Keywords

  • Endothelium
  • Ion channels
  • Mechanotransduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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