Flexibility of Timescales of Evidence Evaluation for Decision Making

Preetham Ganupuru, Adam B. Goldring, Rashed Harun, Timothy Hanks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

To understand the neural mechanisms that support decision making, it is critical to characterize the timescale of evidence evaluation. Recent work has shown that subjects can adaptively adjust the timescale of evidence evaluation across blocks of trials depending on context [1]. However, it's currently unknown if adjustments to evidence evaluation occur online during deliberations based on a single stream of evidence. To examine this question, we employed a change-detection task in which subjects report their level of confidence in judging whether there has been a change in a stochastic auditory stimulus. Using a combination of psychophysical reverse correlation analyses and single-trial behavioral modeling, we compared the time period over which sensory information has leverage on detection report choices versus confidence. We demonstrate that the length of this period differs on separate sets of trials based on what's being reported. Surprisingly, confidence judgments on trials with no detection report are influenced by evidence occurring earlier than the time period of influence for detection reports. Our findings call into question models of decision formation involving static parameters that yield a singular timescale of evidence evaluation and instead suggest that the brain represents and utilizes multiple timescales of evidence evaluation during deliberation. Evidence evaluation helps to guide decision making. Ganupuru et al. show that individuals can flexibly adjust the timescale of evaluation of past evidence depending on the type of decision they make. In particular, timescales of evaluation are markedly shorter for change-detection reports than for confidence judgments in which no change has occurred.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2091-2097.e4
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2019

Keywords

  • audition
  • behavioral modeling
  • change detection
  • cognitive flexibility
  • confidence
  • decision making
  • evidence evaluation
  • human
  • psychophysics
  • timescale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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