Flatland plasmonics and nanophotonics based on graphene and beyond

Pai Yen Chen, Christos Argyropoulos, Mohamed Farhat, Juan Sebastian Gomez Diaz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we review and discuss how the recently discovered two-dimensional (2D) Dirac materials, particularly graphene, may be utilized as new efficient platforms for excitations of propagating and localized surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the terahertz (THz) and mid-infrared (MIR) regions. The surface plasmon modes supported by the metallic 2D materials exhibit tunable plasmon resonances that are essential, yet missing, ingredients needed for THz and MIR photonic and optoelectronic devices. We describe how the atomically thin graphene monolayer and metamaterial structures based on it may tailor and control the spectral, spatial, and temporal properties of electromagnetic radiation. In the same frequency range, the newly unveiled nonlocal, nonlinear, and nonequilibrium electrodynamics in graphene show a variety of nonlinear and amplifying electromagnetic responses, whose potential applications are yet unexplored. With these 2D material platforms, virtually all plasmonic, optoelectronic, and nonlinear functions found in near-infrared (NIR) and visible devices can be analogously transferred to the long-wavelength regime, even with enhanced tunability and new functionalities. The spectral range from THz to MIR is particularly compelling because of the many spectral fingerprints of key chemical, gas, and biological agents, as well as a myriad of remote sensing, imaging, communication, and security applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1262
Number of pages24
JournalNanophotonics
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nanophotonics
Graphite
Graphene
graphene
Infrared radiation
platforms
Optoelectronic devices
Optics and Photonics
Electromagnetic Radiation
Equipment and Supplies
Electromagnetic Phenomena
Biological Factors
Dermatoglyphics
optoelectronic devices
ingredients
electrodynamics
polaritons
Photonic devices
remote sensing
Electrodynamics

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • graphene
  • infrared techniques
  • nanophotonics
  • plasmonics
  • THz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Flatland plasmonics and nanophotonics based on graphene and beyond. / Chen, Pai Yen; Argyropoulos, Christos; Farhat, Mohamed; Gomez Diaz, Juan Sebastian.

In: Nanophotonics, Vol. 6, No. 6, 01.01.2017, p. 1239-1262.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Chen, Pai Yen ; Argyropoulos, Christos ; Farhat, Mohamed ; Gomez Diaz, Juan Sebastian. / Flatland plasmonics and nanophotonics based on graphene and beyond. In: Nanophotonics. 2017 ; Vol. 6, No. 6. pp. 1239-1262.
@article{6c3b68111d3148d6b4df9165ec230434,
title = "Flatland plasmonics and nanophotonics based on graphene and beyond",
abstract = "In this paper, we review and discuss how the recently discovered two-dimensional (2D) Dirac materials, particularly graphene, may be utilized as new efficient platforms for excitations of propagating and localized surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the terahertz (THz) and mid-infrared (MIR) regions. The surface plasmon modes supported by the metallic 2D materials exhibit tunable plasmon resonances that are essential, yet missing, ingredients needed for THz and MIR photonic and optoelectronic devices. We describe how the atomically thin graphene monolayer and metamaterial structures based on it may tailor and control the spectral, spatial, and temporal properties of electromagnetic radiation. In the same frequency range, the newly unveiled nonlocal, nonlinear, and nonequilibrium electrodynamics in graphene show a variety of nonlinear and amplifying electromagnetic responses, whose potential applications are yet unexplored. With these 2D material platforms, virtually all plasmonic, optoelectronic, and nonlinear functions found in near-infrared (NIR) and visible devices can be analogously transferred to the long-wavelength regime, even with enhanced tunability and new functionalities. The spectral range from THz to MIR is particularly compelling because of the many spectral fingerprints of key chemical, gas, and biological agents, as well as a myriad of remote sensing, imaging, communication, and security applications.",
keywords = "2D materials, graphene, infrared techniques, nanophotonics, plasmonics, THz",
author = "Chen, {Pai Yen} and Christos Argyropoulos and Mohamed Farhat and {Gomez Diaz}, {Juan Sebastian}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1515/nanoph-2016-0137",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "1239--1262",
journal = "Nanophotonics",
issn = "2192-8606",
publisher = "Walter De Gruyter",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Flatland plasmonics and nanophotonics based on graphene and beyond

AU - Chen, Pai Yen

AU - Argyropoulos, Christos

AU - Farhat, Mohamed

AU - Gomez Diaz, Juan Sebastian

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - In this paper, we review and discuss how the recently discovered two-dimensional (2D) Dirac materials, particularly graphene, may be utilized as new efficient platforms for excitations of propagating and localized surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the terahertz (THz) and mid-infrared (MIR) regions. The surface plasmon modes supported by the metallic 2D materials exhibit tunable plasmon resonances that are essential, yet missing, ingredients needed for THz and MIR photonic and optoelectronic devices. We describe how the atomically thin graphene monolayer and metamaterial structures based on it may tailor and control the spectral, spatial, and temporal properties of electromagnetic radiation. In the same frequency range, the newly unveiled nonlocal, nonlinear, and nonequilibrium electrodynamics in graphene show a variety of nonlinear and amplifying electromagnetic responses, whose potential applications are yet unexplored. With these 2D material platforms, virtually all plasmonic, optoelectronic, and nonlinear functions found in near-infrared (NIR) and visible devices can be analogously transferred to the long-wavelength regime, even with enhanced tunability and new functionalities. The spectral range from THz to MIR is particularly compelling because of the many spectral fingerprints of key chemical, gas, and biological agents, as well as a myriad of remote sensing, imaging, communication, and security applications.

AB - In this paper, we review and discuss how the recently discovered two-dimensional (2D) Dirac materials, particularly graphene, may be utilized as new efficient platforms for excitations of propagating and localized surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the terahertz (THz) and mid-infrared (MIR) regions. The surface plasmon modes supported by the metallic 2D materials exhibit tunable plasmon resonances that are essential, yet missing, ingredients needed for THz and MIR photonic and optoelectronic devices. We describe how the atomically thin graphene monolayer and metamaterial structures based on it may tailor and control the spectral, spatial, and temporal properties of electromagnetic radiation. In the same frequency range, the newly unveiled nonlocal, nonlinear, and nonequilibrium electrodynamics in graphene show a variety of nonlinear and amplifying electromagnetic responses, whose potential applications are yet unexplored. With these 2D material platforms, virtually all plasmonic, optoelectronic, and nonlinear functions found in near-infrared (NIR) and visible devices can be analogously transferred to the long-wavelength regime, even with enhanced tunability and new functionalities. The spectral range from THz to MIR is particularly compelling because of the many spectral fingerprints of key chemical, gas, and biological agents, as well as a myriad of remote sensing, imaging, communication, and security applications.

KW - 2D materials

KW - graphene

KW - infrared techniques

KW - nanophotonics

KW - plasmonics

KW - THz

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85029593408&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85029593408&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1515/nanoph-2016-0137

DO - 10.1515/nanoph-2016-0137

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85029593408

VL - 6

SP - 1239

EP - 1262

JO - Nanophotonics

JF - Nanophotonics

SN - 2192-8606

IS - 6

ER -