Fitness costs of pesticide resistance in Hyalella azteca under future climate change scenarios

Corie A. Fulton, Kara E. Huff Hartz, Neil W. Fuller, Logan N. Kent, Sara E. Anzalone, Tristin M. Miller, Richard E. Connon, Helen P. Poynton, Michael J. Lydy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Global climate change continues to cause alterations in environmental conditions which can be detrimental to aquatic ecosystem health. The development of pesticide resistance in organisms such as Hyalella azteca can lead to increased susceptibility to environmental change. This research provides a robust assessment of the effects of alterations in salinity on the fitness of H. azteca. Full-life cycle bioassays were conducted with non-resistant and pyrethroid-resistant H. azteca cultured under two salinity conditions representing a rise from freshwater control (0.2 psu) to increased salinity due to salt-water intrusion, reduced snowpack and evaporative enrichment (6.0 psu). Additionally, the upper thermal tolerance was defined for each population at each salinity. Pyrethroid-resistant H. azteca exhibited reduced thermal tolerance; however, they produced more offspring per female than non-resistant animals. Compared to the low salinity water, both non-resistant and pyrethroid-resistant H. azteca produced more offspring, grew larger (based on dry mass), and produced larger offspring in elevated salinity, although pyrethroid-resistant animals had lower survival and lipid levels. This study provides fundamental information about the fitness potential of H. azteca in a changing climate, suggesting advantages for non-resistant animals under future climate scenarios. In addition, this research further supports the need to consider the effects of global climate change when conducting risk assessment of contaminants of concern, as well as the contribution of contaminants when investigating climate change impacts on populations, as exposure may contribute to niche contraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number141945
JournalScience of the Total Environment
StatePublished - Jan 20 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Amphipod
  • Global climate change
  • Life-cycle tests
  • Pyrethroid-resistance
  • Salinity
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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